Dancehall + Roots=Vibes

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Chronixx puts a twist on Guiltiness and Natty Dread

in Reggae News/World by

BBC celebrates Bob Marley’s Exodus 40 year anniversary with a celebratory remake of the entire album. There’s something about Bob Marley and his unifying music that has intertwined itself into the memories of our experiences. Chronixx’s passionate exhibition seems to channel young Bob delivering Guiltiness in a fashion that keeps its core Marley elements while giving us contemporary Chronixx at the same time.

He effortlessly infuses ET and JA history into his stinging refix;

bowing at his feet 72 nations Ras Makonnen was crowned Conquering Lion…baba Jan Hoy father of African…Empress Menenite at his right hand…meanwhile inna Jamaica land….whole heap a trial and tribulation…when Bustamante seh kill all rasta man…wa kinda Selassie weh you a call pan…trim dem and bring da whole a dem a station.

This little flow is imbued with so much contrast and pride and pain as he sings. It is the history of His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie’s coronation when he transforms from Ras Tafari Makonnen to Haile Selassie King of Kings, Conquoring Lion of the tribe of Judah in 1930 when 72 nations from around the world did in fact make their way to bow at the feet of this mysterious black king from this mysterious sovereign nation, ancient Abyssinia. He goes on to say “baba Jahn Hoy father of African” this is important because now Chronixx has fast forwarded us into time from 1930 to 1963 when HIM inaugurated the Organization of African Unity in Addis Ababa, the current African Union where all the African leaders continue to meet and strategize the future of the continent. (note: ababa = father and Jahn Hoy = HIM Haile Selassie in Ethiopia’s official language of Amharic.)

Source: Public Domain
Queen Elizabeth at the Ethiopian Royal Palace

He goes on to say “meanwhile inna Jamaica land” so we are still in 1963, yet Chronixx shifts us 7,791 miles to the little island of JA where Jamaica’s first Prime Minister Bustamante declared “Bring in all Rastas, dead or alive”. The Coral Garden’s incident was one of the most brutal government organized attacks against early Rastafarians in JA and resulted in the death of reported 8 men and the unjust arrest, beating and scalping of Rastafarians from the community.

image source: wgnetworks

This historic account from Chronixx comes just a couple months after the Jamaican government officially apologized to the Rastafarian community and the community of Coral Garden’s for the atrocious attacks of 63′ which ironically took place just one year after JA independence from England in 1962.

Prime Minister Andrew Holness  spoke to Parliament on April 4, 2017 announcing that the Government would be ensuring a similar occurrence does not happen again.

“I am happy to have finally reached the point where we can discuss concrete and tangible actions, which ease some of the heavy burdens that survivors and the community had faced. Today, without equivocation, we apologise for what occurred in Coral Gardens. We express regret and sorrow for this chapter in our national life that was characterised by brutality, injustice and repression. (It) was wrong and should never be repeated,” the prime minister stressed.

“We have taken a symbolic yet courageous and pivotal move, which means that we can face the future with renewed hope. While we know this (apology) cannot erase the brutality, oppression and injustice, I am comforted by the willingness of the Rastafari Coral Gardens Benevolent Society to keep the dialogue going,” he said.

– The public defender will be asked to continue the work her office started in finding survivors and gathering important information on them and their families. She will be collaborating with the Rastafari Coral Gardens Benevolent Society and the member of parliament for the area to make that possible.

– A trust fund of no less than J$10 million is to be made available to them and their families.

– Six lots at Pinnacle will become designated protected heritage sites, which will also include a Rastafari Village. source

So who are the guilty ones now?

Watch Chronixx cover Natty Dread

¿Qué es Dancehall?

in Reggae News/World by

El Dancehall es un género de música, estilo de baile y cultura que se originó hacia finales 1970 en Jamaica como resultado de los nuevos factores políticos y socio-económicos que habían surgido en el país. Durante este tiempo las ideologías neoliberales y materialistas fueron el factor dominante en la vida de muchos jamaiquinos.
El Dancehall como música es un derivado del reggae, otro género jamaicano originado en los años 60.

Ambos estilos tendrán una gran relación, pero no en sus bases culturales ya que son consideradas contraculturales.Este género unido a la danza se caracteriza por ser un baile muy sensual, con claras referencias a la danza africana y caribeña, y actualmente en Jamaica es un baile social, que se ejecuta siguiendo los pasos que las canciones van nombrando o incluso se mezclan con movimientos de HipHop muchos más enérgicos.

¿Por qué Dancehall?

Este estilo debe su nombre a los dance halls (salas de baile) donde se reproducían la música popular jamaiquina y la gente con menos dinero que no podía acceder a las salas más acomodadas acudían.Inicialmente, el Dancehall era una versión del reggae llena de “espacio”, a diferencia de otros estilos mucho más recargados. Hacia mediados de los años 80 la instrumentación en este estilo se hizo más rápido cambiando a sonidos más rápidos.Los años 90 fueron la completa conexión entre el dancehall y la cultura Rastafari.

Cuando el gobierno socialista de Michael Manley fue reemplazado por el político de derecha Edward Seaga las temáticas de injusticia social, repatriación y el movimiento Rastafari fueron sustituidas por letras sobre violencia y sexualidad, lo cual ha sido crítica durante muchos años debido a la perdida de la esencia lírica y temática del Dancehall. Esta nueva situación en el país llevó incluso a la muerte de varios deejays en la ciudad de Kingston.

En 1992 en contraposición de este nuevo tipo de Dancehall y más en concreto sobre el tema homófobo “Boom Bye Bye” de Banton se creó el denominado “ragga consciente” un nuevo movimiento social que agrupó a cantantes y deejays como Garnett Silk, Rocker T, Tony Rebel,Sanchez, Luciano, Anthony B y Sizzla con la intención de volver a las raíces de este género, los “roots”.

Los primeros años 2000 vieron alcanzar el éxito a toda una nueva ola de grupos y artistas como Elephant Man y Sean Paul. Actualmente son los artistas más relevantes de este estilo musical es el español Swan Fyahbwoy y Lion Sitte.


Pasos básicos de Dancehall


Como ya hemos mencionado en la introducción, el Dancehall como baile se basa en una coreografía formada por pasos que se nombran en la canción y que se repiten varias veces. Los pasos suelen ir muy ligados a su cultura e incluso hay movimientos que representan acciones cotidianas de la vida como barrer o tender la ropa. A continuación se muestran videos con algunos de los pasos básicos actuales de este estilo de baile. source



Note: This is just a great, simple yet thorough history into the core of the culture en espanol. Bravo telocuentobailando! Bravo indeed.

The Chancellor

Oxford University To drop 10 Milli into Ganja Studies

in World by

Oxford University is jumping on the Ganja train too. This month the historic UK university announced its intent to engage in new studies into the medical use of cannabis for treating conditions like multiple sclerosis, epilepsy and arthritis as well as for dealing with nerve pain.

It follows calls from some MPs for a law to allow medical use of cannabis, with polls suggesting  58 per cent of people would back such a move.

Why Does Cannabis Work for Epilepsy and Seizures?

Cannabis’ chemical constituent of CBD (cannabidiol) not THC is the star of this game. FDA approved clinical trials are becoming more and more common as more states and countries open-up to the economic and medicinal value of the plant. Epidiolex, a nearly pure CBD preparation (98%+) is a prime example. Its release is an astounding leap forward for cannabis and medicine.

A pure CBD formula was the safest way to begin trials on epilepsy patients because of its lack of psychoactivity. The trouble with developing a single pure CBD formula is that epilepsy has never been a one-size fits all disorder. Of the 200,000 children living with treatment-resistant epilepsy, only a fraction has access to clinical trials investigating CBD. This leaves most parents and patients to acquire their own CBD-rich cannabis, which always contains some percentage of THC. … Early results from clinical studies on GW’s Epidiolex clearly show a beneficial effect of CBD on some types of seizures, but more research is needed to fully understand whether a combination THC/CBD product can reduce the seizure burden in those patients who don’t respond to CBD alone. source

The remarkable attribute of weed stems from the fact that the human body actually produces its own “endogenous” cannabinoids (chemicals otherwise unique to the cannabis plant).  These cannabinoids—whether formed in your brain or inhaled via a nice fat joint, pipe, vaporizer etc—fit neatly into a series of receptors located throughout the human body. Their greatest concentration occurs in the hippocampus (which regulates memory), the cerebral cortex (cognition), the cerebellum (motor coordination), the basal ganglia (movement), the hypothalamus (appetite), and the amygdala (emotions). Cannabinoid receptors are similarly found in every species of animals on earth. Vice goes in on this here

It’s obvious that the more scientific study that goes into the cannabis industry the more the consumer and pharmaceutical companies will benefit hence the 11 million pound Oxford study. Now you have a broader over-standing into the recent High Times/ Damian Marley linkup. Raspect.

A message from your Bartender, Sincerely All bartenders Everywhere

in World by

Someone once pointed out to me the fact that there seems to be a micro-economy in the service industry. Restaurant workers take their tip money out to bars and clubs at night and give it to the bartenders, who promptly return it to the waiters and waitresses the next day at lunch. The cycle is almost self-sufficient and is mutually beneficial. Knowing the pain of waiting on customers, each group tips the other well and never raises a fuss. These people do not need to be educated. The rest of you do.

Many of us have stood in a noisy, crowded bar and asked, “What’s a guy got to do to get a drink around here?” Well, you’re about to find out. Here are some Do’s and Don’ts that will keep the relationship between the bartender and bar patron running smoothly.


Fail to have your money ready

We’re waiting on you. Everyone else is waiting on us. Therefore, by the Transitive Property of Equality, everyone is waiting on you. Rule #1: Have your shit together. Not only will following Rule #1 get you served quicker in a bar, it’s a good general rule to adopt in life and is especially helpful in Central American border crossing scenarios.



This is an absolute No-No. You whistle at dogs, not people.

Wave money

Oh, you’ve got a dollar!! I’ll be right over!! Hopefully I won’t break an ankle in my fevered rush to get you your “curz lite.” Well, at least you’re not breaking the next rule.

Yell out the bartender’s first name

There’s something deeply psychologically disturbing about hearing your name called out, turning around and seeing a complete stranger. That’s one of the reasons strippers use stage names. Bartender’s do too. Mine is Pixie.

Say “make it strong!” or “put a lot of liquor in it”

Oh, you’re one of the rare drinkers that like their drink strong! When you say this, you’re assuming I make weak drinks (which is insulting) and you’re assuming that I’ll stiffen this one up for my new best buddy, you. This is the best way to get a weak drink.

Give the ever-expanding drink order

You want a Bud. I go get it. I come back and now you want a Margarita. Okay, no prob. I come back, and (oh yeah!) now you want a shot of Tequila, too. You really could have told us this all at once. See Rule #1.

Pull the redirect (or the bait ‘n’ switch)

Usually used after the money wave or the whistle, this is when the gentlemen passes his turn to the lady behind him. Yeah, um, don’t do that, okay? Chances are she’s not ready, and your weak attempt at chivalry just cost you your turn. See you in 30 minutes.

Try the confused, lost look

This is usually accompanied by the question “What kind of beer y’all got?” while looking at all the beers we have. You did know you were in a bar, right? You didn’t just appear here, did you? Refer to Rule #1.


Order High Maintenance shooters

Example: “Lemme get an Alabama Slammer, a Red Snapper, two Kamikazes, a Buttery Nipple and a Lemon Drop.” Usually followed by a small tip. People, these shooters are fine by themselves, but there are multiple steps involved with each one. Translation: Time Sink. You may get them this time, but you’ll probably be waited on last the next time we see your face. Here’s a clue as to whether or not you’re high maintenance; if two bartenders are working and they see you, and they flip a coin and the loser comes over to take your order, pretty good chance you’re high maintenance.

Assume we know you’re in the band

We know, we know, you’re gonna be really famous, but you’re not there yet, tiger. Tell us you’re in the band and which band you’re in. By the way, if you are in a band and get free/reduced drink prices, feel free to tip, as most bartenders are also in bands! It’s not like we don’t know how it is. Oh, and our bands will smoke your band.

Assume we know you period

Unless you’ve followed the first “Do” rule below, we don’t remember you. You are one of a thousand faces for us, and when you point at an empty glass or a beer bottle that’s invariably facing away from us, your attempt at a shortcut backfires. Tell us what you want.

Apologize for sucking

Don’t apologize for not tipping. Acknowledging that you suck is not the same as not sucking. Oh, and don’t say “I’ll get ya next time.” We know all about you.

Assume soft drinks are free

Are they free at McDonald’s? Are they free at Wal-Mart? Are they free anywhere? I blame M.A.D.D. for this myth.

Put pennies and nickels in the tip jar

We don’t want that crap in our pockets any more than you do. We don’t have anything smaller than quarters. Have you ever ordered a drink that cost $3.17?

Be “The Microbrew Aficionado”

Usually a pseudo-hippy who can’t tip a quarter but can’t bring himself to drink “schwag,” and who has to sample some new berry-wheat-harvest-ale that he heard about at Burning Man. “Do you have the new Vernal-Equinox Special Welcome-Fest?” “Does Anyone?” Here’s your Newcastle. Go.

Be “The Daddy Warbucks”

Dressed in classic day-trader wear, this loud, boisterous guy smokes cigars and orders Martinis and generally exudes an air of money. Until the tip. We hate you.

Be a “Whiney Baby”

Under no circumstances should you ever whine to a bartender when asked to see your ID. Our jobs depend on them, and when we spot a fake/expired ID, don’t argue; we’ve seen and heard it all a million times before, and it will get you absolutely nowhere. If you “don’t have one” or “forgot it,” forget it; you don’t belong out on the town in the first place. That’s the law, plain and simple. If we don’t have the law, the terrorists win. You don’t want the terrorists to win, do you? Bring your ID. Remember Rule #1, from a minute ago?



Tip heavy right off the bat, and you’re the first person we aim for every time you come up to the bar. Did you get that? Go back and read it again. The word will spread to the other bartenders and you’ll be treated like a prince. It will pay off in better drinks and the occasional free one.

Be patient

All you really need to do to get waited on is make eye contact. We see you, and we’ll get to you before the guy right next to you waving money and whistling. Remember, this isn’t insulin we’re passing out here. If you really need the drink that bad, you’ve got a problem to address, Jack. The meek shall inherit the bar.

Be an attractive female

As in life, this goes far.

If this comes across as a little petty, remember: bartenders are a jaded lot.


I have to admit after being abroad for a while and looking young AF although being well over 21 the “I forgot my ID whine” has gotten me out of a jam on more than one occasion. When the drinking age is 18 and rarely enforced elsewhere in the world, you stop finding the need to carry it along. My friend calls this a “first-world problem”. I get it.

Trump, Climate, Paris made simple.

in World by

The idea of the Paris climate accord was that every country, rich and poor, would set goals to curb carbon emissions in an effort to avert the worst effects of climate change.

Trump says he will cut payments to United Nation climate programs.

This graphic by Jasmine C. Lee and Adam Pearce is extremely helpful in visualizing these seemingly complex concepts even further.

Carbon Emissions in 2030

The red line shows what will happen to carbon emissions without the Paris agreement: up, up, up. The United States’ contribution to the emissions goal was substantial. But other countries have pledged to continue their programs with or without American participation.


Typical view of LA smog

source:public domain photos

What can you do:

Go Veggie. Or at least Pesce (pescatarian).

According to the New York Times most carbon emissions involving food come from production and not transportation as one might initially assume. Red meat and dairy facilities have more intensive processes than chicken and fish. Decreasing your amount of meat intake will in effect reduce your carbon footprint without having an effect on your lifestyle.

Surprisingly flying instead of long roadtrips is an easy and more comfortable option in the case of carbon emissions.

Take public transport. With the rise of uber and lyft theres often no reason to add your car to the rush hour traffic mix. Again an easy way to do your part without doing too much.

Eat everything before making another trip to the market. If you haven’t finished what you have from your last trip, try and be creative. More trips to the market equal more mass, trash and higher chance of wastage.

Replace your gas guzzler for a more efficient option. Your pockets will thank you.

Buy Less Waste Less. Buy what you will appreciate longer than a night. We ladies generally shop for a night or weekend and then push fits to the back of the closet. Buy high quality products and merchandise that will stand the test of time and trends.



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